Reconstruction of the explosion-destroyed port.
Register: FEB/14/2022, Submit: FEB/14/2022, Eligibility: Students of architecture, urban planning, economy, sociology and other disciplines from Lebanon and the world; individually, teams, Fee: Free, Awards: 1st Prize: Lebanese Winner – 1,500 EUR, International Winner – 1,500 EUR, 2nd Prize: 1,000 EUR, 3rd Prize: 700 EUR, People’s Choice Award: 300 EUR, 20 Special Mentions
August 4, 2020, 18:08:18 EEST marked the Zero hour of one of the biggest non-nuclear explosions in history with the force of a 3.5 magnitude earthquake – and is believed to have been fueled by 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate stored in warehouse-12 at the port. Aside from the mass destruction caused by this explosion, at least 204 people were killed (with an additional 3 missing) and 6,500 were injured. Above all, Beirut – the capital of Lebanon that was spawned by its harbor as the focal Middle Eastern node point that connected many continents has been left with a dead Port.
In this competition, students from all over the world are invited to rethink the future port of Beirut that will be rebuilt and invested under F.D.B.O.T (Finance, Design, Built, Operate, and transfer); the Port administration and the ministry of public work and transportation need to set their requirements and condition list that would shape the path of the future; hence, the winners of this competition will have the chance to be part of setting the requirements with the Lebanese authorities and therefore part of rebuilding the port.
The best about this project is its immense freedom of expression. There are almost no limits set, only that the crucial transport clusters of the port should be kept unchanged. The description of how the port worked before the disaster happened is described below, after the site plan.
“The blast caused a huge destruction leaving the conventional cargo/free zone terminal, passenger terminal, and empty containers inoperative. Nonetheless, the container area is still partially functioning with half of the C-cranes shattered in addition to the internally destroyed administration area.
As mentioned before, it is not necessarily compulsory to keep the zoning on its previous configuration; yet, the port needs to operate appropriately with the minimum exploitation possible of the land, and by doing so, more room for economic and social possibilities for investment can be clutched.”
OPERATIONAL CONTEXT BEFORE THE BLAST
Before the explosion, the port of Beirut operated flawlessly with seven main cluster areas that can be seen in the operation map:
- The container terminal: Located on the north side of the port with 16 C-cranes at the docks N15 and N16. Behind a huge truck parking lot, this is the zone where the filled containers are at the pending mode and need to pass through customs procedure in the extended area before the next movement.
- The Empty container zone: This area is an extension to the container area in which charged containers are controlled by the customs before being transported inland, shipped outland, or stored in the general cargo zone. Also, this place is reserved for pending empty containers to be shipped or filled. (Docks N13 and N14)
- Conventional cargo zone: In the case of multi-users and sophisticated cargo, this area is assigned to store the general cargo in the warehouses and cars in the particular IC parking in pending mode until being received and paid by its owners or shipped. (Docks: N6 to N12)
- Silos Building: Operated by the Ministry of Economy, this building has its own particular docking point (Dock N8) with a built-in vacuum system that sucks in the grains from the ship to the building.
- Free zone: This is the area where foreign containers can make a temporarily stopover and store their cargo before being shipped to their destination.
- 6-Passenger terminal: This terminal is allocated for traveling passengers to board from docks N3 to N5.
- Port administration: Defined by the already existing administration buildings with their own parking lot.
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