Register: FEB/05/2019, Submit: FEB/10/2019, Eligibility: Students and professionals of all disciplines, bachelor’s/undergraduate, master’s/undergraduate. Ph.D. students; individually, teams up to 5 members, Fee: Students 15 USD, professionals 25 USD (until NOV/07/2018); students 25 USD, professionals 35 USD (NOV/08 – DEC/22/2018); students 40 USD, professionals 60 USD (DEC/23/2018 – FEB/05/2019); + taxes; Awards: Winner 80,000 INR (Indian rupee) (about 1,130 USD); Runner-up 50,000 INR (about 710 USD); People’s Choice (1 student and 1 professional) 25,000 INR (about 355 USD) each; 5 Honorable Mentions (2 students and 3 professionals) 12,000 INR (about 170 USD) each
Urbanization, the key to the future – a good or a bad one at that? On August 2018, Kerala & some parts of Kodagu, India faced one of the worst Floods of the century, with 300+ deaths and infrastructure damages over Rs. 8,000 crores (1.1 Billion USD). Every time disaster hits, we as humans do everything in our power to suppress it, provide aid and rehabilitate. But even the most advanced prevention systems and methods fail. The only way out is to fold how humans grow and work together + towards living with the forces of nature collectively.
There are different levels of damages in a flood situation – ranging from a limited water logging to total wipe-out. This leads to transportation hamper, slow degradations of infrastructure and a lot more. Many people have to build their lives over again, with all their belongings lost. The damage can be of physical assets at the same time irreparable life losses which make things even tougher.
THE DESIGN CHALLENGE
A series of events follow after flood where people try to rebuild their lives after claiming aid from insurance agencies, savings and government aid that is given to affected areas based on losses of property and the lives. The already struck down transport network has costs of resources surged which makes the rebuilding slow and even more costly. With already a weak support / resource / strength they are burdened not only with survival but challenges that are beyond generic living.
With floods being an inevitable problem with drastic climate change and rising sea levels:
- Can we build habitats that accept water surge as a reality?
- Can we design buildings that help people to get back on their feet much faster than before?
- As everybody is rebuilding in the same battle can they do it together?
- If India is too big to be planned ‘outside in’, can we create habitats that are planned ‘inside out’?
- If a flood rises to a wipeout situation can there be places of refuge built or made accessible beforehand?
- Can habitats be prepared for the next disaster already irrespective of time while rebuilding?
A ‘community housing’ proposition that is scalable, heals when damaged and regenerates faster than before when broken down. The design problem is to build unit micro-neighborhood for 100 families, with a case of use established in Aluva.
Housing development in most of the peri-urban and rural Kerala is organic and spread out which cannot change. State government cannot bring forces to secure each of these households, with its limited funds/strength. The challenge is to gather 100 households that work together to make a habitat which stands/works together in a situation of a flood.
The problem is expected to be answered at a point of time in a post flood scenario, where people are rebuilding their partially damanged/wiped-out/degraded homes. The idea is not to spend all the private resources of a person on a planned cooperative housing redesigned from scratch, but on pre-conceived shared systems that help to sustain the direct (residents) and indirect population (marginalized communities, livestock, etc.) of this unit neighborhood which contains households/owned plots already.
The shared systems can help battle floods, or store essential items, or build places of refuge, or have a function designated to these colonies, etc. for 100 households at a time by the people. The next step would be how a top-down entity (government) help these unit neighborhoods and make them thrive at a large level integrating them into an action plan in the next hazard scenario.
As the existing houses are not in a uniform state, we limit the ideation to concept level ideas only. The structure of ideation here will be the factor of commonality.
The programme is targeted towards concept of a family housing of 5 people per family. The major economic stratum is deﬁned as people who cannot afford to hire technical experts Eg: Architects/Engineers (in post-flood scenario and mostly planning to construct everything by their own). Aspects like costing and ﬁnances will not be a part of this submission, but the key here is incrementally growing to a robust habitat or a place that quickly adapts to sustain its people.
The submission has to be made in 3 major outlines in ‘Short & Long term’:
- Action Plan – Overall plan of the affected region in post flood scenario.
- Master Plan – Multi-unit neighborhood plan working.
- Dwelling unit Concept – House/Street level concept.
You may use the site plan to begin the design with context plan in the larger volume. Existing houses are placed as an organic housing settlement would be. A few partially damaged houses are also kept in place to explore ideas to use these houses as well. The direction of idea building is up to participants from dwelling unit level to an action plan or vice versa, or any new method, but the information has to be structured/or has to begin in above 3 levels only.
Short-term is the next 1-year action, long-term can change as your concept evolves. The idea should compound security/safety of the whole unit by each passing year.