Register: NOV/09/2018, Submit: NOV/09/2018, Eligibility: Students, graduates, freelance professionals; individually, teams up to 4 members (at least one member has to be under 35); participants do not have to be experts in architecture or registered in a professional register, Fee: 60 EUR (AUG/09 – SEP/27/2018), 80 EUR (SEP/28 – NOV/09/2018), Awards: 1st Prize 1,000 EUR, 2nd Prize 700 EUR, 3rd Prize 300 EUR
Lima not only is Peru’s capital, but it also is the greatest city for number of inhabitants in Perù. Lima is undergoing a continuous change even though its biggest contradiction remains unchanged: a three meters wall that runs over ten kilometers separates people of different social states. Thus, on one side of the wall, the barren landscape dominates, showing no green areas and only a few streets. This area is barely/rarely reached with water supply and electricity, and many small houses have been manually built, up to the top of the mountain. Conversely, on the other side of the wall luxury residences can be seen surrounded by thriving vegetation, in addition to pools, high rises and many infrastructures for the population. The division is strong.
By trying to improve internal safety, people follow the logic of exclusion.
Techo Perù is a non-profit association aimed at reducing poverty that affects millions of people in Perù by employing the combined action of the young volunteers and inhabitants.
DNADD and Techo share the same mission: transform the Right to Housing in the right of living in a decent house. Develop a new type of house that should be easily reproduced, satisfy the basic needs of Lima’s population and offer them a new place worthy to be called “home”.
Techo Perù aims at tackling this problem in Perù, providing a model of house which is donated to those families living in the most extreme conditions. This competition proposes a redesign of the Techo’s model with the aim of improving those features of the house that are impaired at the moment.
Participants should develop a housing unit that is obtained from the combination of four different modules: family module, kitchen, bathroom, garden. After having evaluated the conditions of the houses owned by each family, it will be decided whether to build the entire house “ex novo” or just add the missing modules.
The house should be developed so that it can be self-constructed in a few days by volunteers.
Today the housing deficit in Perù reaches 1.8 million, 20.9 quantitative and 79.1% qualitative and, besides, 70% of the houses are built without the assistance of either an architect or an engineer. Moreover, about 6 million children live in poverty and 34% of wich reside in extreme poverty. Education is denied to such part of the population since they can’t afford attending school. For instance, even though education is mainly free, 20% of children younger than 12 years don’t have access to it because they are forced to work.
A high percentage of people living in the informal settlements of Lima arrived in this area while trying to escape war at the beginning of the 80s, period of enforced armed genocide. However, today many people still flee their hometown and move to the capital seeking a better future.
Techo’s actual model consists in building a new house only by volunteers, and consequently, it will be donated to a family who lives in precarious conditions. The house is expected to create positive effects on the family, since the living conditions of that family will improve and the basic need of having a roof over their head will be satisfied.
Moreover, considering that Perù families have on average 4-5 members, the project of the house will cover 18 m2; 3.5 m2 is considered the lowest limit for one person.
The house is totally built in Radiated Pine, and is composed of the following components:
- 1 Lower panel
- 2 Lateral panels
- 2 Frontal panels, 2 Posterior panels
- 1 Central beam, 6 Transverse beams, 6 Joists
- Roof of metal sheet
Price of an House: 4,300 PEN (Peruvian sol) = 1,300 USD