Register: DEC/25/2017, Submit: DEC/25/2017, Eligibility: Architects, bureaus, Fee: Free, Awards: Stage 1: 20 finalists 1,000,000 RUB (Russian ruble) (about 14,600 EUR) each, Stage 2: up to 5 Winners 2,000,000 RUB (about 29,200 EUR) each, up to 5 Runners-up 1,500,000 RUB (about 21,900 EUR) each, up to 10 projects 1,000,000 RUB (about 14,600 EUR) each
The projected volume of housing development in Russia by 2025 will be about 900 million sq.m. Thus, the plan is to provide 30 million Russians with new homes. The task of this scale requires the development of high-quality template solutions that will, on the one hand, minimize costs at all stages of the project, including upkeep, and on the other, significantly improve the quality of the residential environment in Russian cities. The project is based on the basic target models of the urban environment that were developed by KB Strelka: low-rise, mid-rise and central. Each of the models developed on the basis of the analysis of the basic scenarios of the daily life of the urban dwellers is formed by a set of parameters assigned to it that determine the functional diversity, volume and spatial characteristics of the environment itself.
THE TASK FOR PARTICIPANTS
The participants of the Competition will need to design up to 4 standard solutions of a residential house for one of the environment models. The variability of solutions is designed to provide a variety of appearance of the urban environment. The proposed solutions should set a new quality of affordable housing throughout the country.
Mass-built residential housing plays a strong role in the city image. Its spatial characteristics (location in the block, height and other attributes) contribute greatly to the visual appeal as well as to the functioning character of the residential environment as a whole. This in turn defines the quality of everyday experience for the urban dweller. To ensure the most optimal level of comfort for different social groups of citizens living in the same territory, it is necessary to implement an adaptive residential environment that could be adjusted to changing needs and requirements. Adaptability of residential environment assumes a variety of building typologies that are compactly located on the territory and provide the widest possible range of options for choosing apartments, as well as creating conditions for the variability of their use in the future.
THREE MODELS OF ENVIRONMENT
In order to form a comprehensive and comfortable urban environment, three residential models are proposed that are based on various scenarios of everyday life in the city — low-rise, mid-rise and central. Each model implies particular kinds of development, road network and public spaces. The variety of models provides residents with an opportunity to choose the environment that is the most appropriate to their lifestyle.
Low-Rise Residential Model
The low-rise residential model is characterized by significant volumes of private space and semi-public space. A distinctive feature of this model is good quality of the environment and wider recreational opportunities due to the access to natural green zones. Its restrictions include: low availability of social and commercial infrastructure, as well as public transport and high maintenance and operational costs for the house and its adjacent territory.
Mid-rise Residential Model
The mid-rise residential model is characterized by pedestrian accessibility of everyday commercial and social infrastructure. The main type of transportation around the city is public transport, but a sufficient number of parking spaces are provided for personal transport as well. An important advantage of the medium-rise residential model is the availability of green recreational areas, including garden spaces adjacent to the houses. However, there are certain limitations, such as a considerable amount of time spent on commuting, as well as a limited number of leisure and cultural facilities within walking distance.
This model of environment implies living in the very centre of urban activity. A wide variety of opportunities for leisure, consumption as well as places of work all in the walking distance are the key advantages of living in this type of environment. Among the disadvantages is a relatively small share of private and semi-public spaces. The central model is also characterized by a complex traffic situation and low availability of green spaces.