Register: SEP/08/2019, Submit: SEP/09/2019, Eligibility: Students, architectural designers, registered architects and practices, Fee: Students 60 EUR, architectural designers 75 EUR, registered architect and practices 90 EUR (JUN/11 – JUL/10/2019); students 75 EUR, architectural designers 90 EUR, registered architect and practices 105 EUR (JUL/11 – AUG/09/2019); students 90 EUR, architectural designers 105 EUR, registered architect and practices 120 EUR (AUG/10 – SEP/08/2019), Awards: 3 Winners:1,000 EUR each, 3 People’s Choice Award: 200 EUR each, 9 Finalists, 24 Shortlisted
Although there has been a decline in Macau’s revenues from the gaming sector in recent years, Macau is still predicted to become one of the richest places in the world. Tourism and gambling are no doubt the spine of Macau’s economy, taking up 20-25% of Macau’s GDP shown from figures of recent years. Last year the gaming sector prospered resulting a rise in GDP of 4.7%. However, the centre of tourism and leisure faces rising competition from regional countries and cities in South East Asia. More cities are becoming gaming destinations; more casinos are emerging. Since revenue dropped in 2014, Macau government’s objective was to reconsider and reconstruct the economy so the city became less dependent on gambling revenues. According to the comprehensive report released by the Macau tourism industry development – it suggests to ‘utilise Macao’s unique culture and heritage with its strong tourism development foundation and improvements on regional infrastructure to remain competitive in the long term. The master plan also suggested Macau to explore on non-gaming related entertainment in order to provide a more diversified destination for visitors.
Macau can be read as a series of island territories. Macau a peninsula itself, separated from the three smaller islands (Taipa, Cotai and Coalane) located South of the harbour. Macau is the historical area where most locals reside where the three islands attract a lot of tourists because of almost all the casinos that are built on the Cotai strip. Majority of the ground in Cotai are reclaimed land and since the born of this small island, the little islands became closer to each other and started to form their own territory – a touristic paradise. The place has undergone dramatic land reclamation because of the ambition of Macau government to promote city growth through casino constructions. The three highway bridges that span across the water portrays an impression of bracing arms, forming a bigger territory with new sites emerging through land reclamation.
Tourism and the gaming industry are vital to Macau’s growth but the city and its people suffer when lands are continuously given away to casino operators for future developments – casino complexes. The situation leads to social and economic drawbacks as leisure space for local inhabitants are being forfeited for the city’s development. The debate is whether Macau can continue to be a liveable city with such deficit and lack in social spaces. The competition challenges designers to bring back these spaces that once belonged to the locals, to create new social spaces and recover the lost connection between the city and its people. We seek proposals and designs of an alternative form of social and entertainment architecture that diverges from the existing gambling culture.
Novos Aterros Urbanos (New Urban Zones) Macau’s land area has increased threefold since 1912. The Macau bureaucracy decided to heavily invest into reclaimed land. In 2018 the government proposed new area to reclaim with landfill for future development which are likely to turn into casinos too unless we architectural designers suggest otherwise.